What You Need to Know About Ovarian Vein Embolization

Young woman suffering from abdominal pain, closeup. Gynecology concept Ovarian vein embolization is a medical procedure used to treat a condition known as pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS). PCS is characterized by chronic pelvic pain and discomfort in women, often associated with enlarged and varicose veins in the pelvis, including the ovarian veins. Understanding the underlying disease and the surgery itself is crucial to understanding ovarian vein embolization.

Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

PCS is a condition primarily affecting women of reproductive age, though it can occur in women of any age. It is often associated with symptoms such as dull, aching pelvic pain that worsens with prolonged standing, menstruation, or sexual intercourse. The cause of PCS is thought to be the dilation and incompetence of the veins in the pelvis, including the ovarian veins. These enlarged veins can lead to chronic pelvic pain and discomfort.

Who is at Risk?

Certain factors can increase the risk of developing PCS. It’s most commonly seen in women of reproductive age between their late teens and early 40s. It’s also common in women who have had multiple pregnancies. And if your family has a history of varicose veins, there could be a genetic predisposition. It’s thought that the fluctuation in hormones during pregnancy, reproductive ages, and genetics can increase the risk of developing PCS.

Ovarian Vein Embolization

Ovarian vein embolization is an interventional radiological procedure used to alleviate the symptoms of PCS. It is a minimally invasive technique that aims to block or occlude the enlarged ovarian veins responsible for pelvic congestion.

Ovarian vein embolization offers several advantages, including its minimally invasive nature, shorter recovery time, and the avoidance of major surgery. It can provide significant relief from chronic pelvic pain associated with PCS, improving a patient’s quality of life. However, it’s crucial to consider potential risks and complications, such as infection, bleeding, or damage to nearby structures.

Book an Appointment

Ovarian vein embolization is an effective and less invasive treatment option for pelvic congestion syndrome. It addresses the underlying cause of chronic pelvic pain by blocking the dilated ovarian veins, providing relief to affected individuals. If you think you suffer from pelvic congestion syndrome, contact the Vascular Institute of Virginia. Call 703-763-5224 to schedule an appointment today.

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